THE NECESSARY SKILLS FOR CAREER DEVELOPMENT

Nguyen Thu
VietNam National University - Ho Chi Minh

In the context of increased global competition, most manufacturers are aware that the implementation of technologies such as cloud computing, artificial intelligence, 3D printing, etc. will be a necessity in the near future. However, contrary to what we might think, Industry 4.0 is not aimed at replacing humans, but to help them work more efficiently. A successful digital transformation will not be possible without a good collaboration between humans and machines. Humans are still the main role at everything. And in the world of modern technology, humans have to show yourself to prove that you are the person that the company should need, not machines. Each company always looks for a person with a different mix of skills and experience depending on the business it’s in. One of the skills that they are looking for is certain “soft skills”. So what is soft skills, how many kinds of soft skills that we need and how to get soft skills?

THE NECESSARY SKILLS FOR CAREER DEVELOPMENT

Full name: NGUYỄN TRẦN ANH THƯ

University: School of Medicine – VietNam National University, Ho Chi Minh City.

Introduction:

What are 4.0 industrial revolutions?

The Fourth Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0 as it is commonly known, represents the combination of cyber-physical systems, the Internet of Things, and the Internet of Systems. In short, it is the idea of smart factories in which machines are augmented with web connectivity and connected to a system that can visualise the entire production chain and make decisions on its own

Industry 4.0 which started off as Germany's brainchild is expected to minimize the labor cost advantages of traditional low-cost locations, making it attractive for manufacturers to bring previously offshored jobs back home .

In the context of increased global competition, most manufacturers are aware that the implementation of technologies such as cloud computing, artificial intelligence, 3D printing, etc. will be a necessity in the near future. However, contrary to what we might think, Industry 4.0 is not aimed at replacing humans, but to help them work more efficiently. A successful digital transformation will not be possible without a good collaboration between humans and machines. Humans are still the main role at everything. And in the world of modern technology, humans have to show yourself to prove that you are the person that the company should need, not machines. Each company always looks for a person with a different mix of skills and experience depending on the business it’s in. One of the skills that they are looking for is certain “soft skills”. So what is soft skills, how many kinds of soft skills that we need and how to get soft skills?

Body:

Soft skills, also called: “21st-century skills” or “interperson skills”: desirable qualities for certain forms of employment that do not depend on acquired knowledge: they include common sense, the ability to deal with people, and a positive flexible attitude (according to the dictionary.com). They are skills that are non-technical or specific to a certain job. Some of the most important professional skills for workers and employers alike simply can’t be taught in a classroom or measured on paper. Basically, your young adult needs them to thrive in the workforce. Career coach Jane Horowitz says the basis of her coaching practice is “hire for attitude, train for skills,” and she sees will and drive as being the greatest determinants of young adults getting hired.

The value of these soft skills can be considered good news! No matter what students study in school or what path they take after high school, they can work to learn these skills to help them be successful in the workplace. These are the six skills your young adult will need no matter what their career path.

  1. COMMUNICATION (COMMUNICATING SKILL):

What is communication? the activity or process of expressing ideas and feelings or of giving people information (oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com).

In work or even in life, communication skills are important for getting the best results at meetings or conversations. The most successful organisations understand that if they are to be successful in today’s business world, good communication at all levels is essential. Good communication skills help everyone at the meeting feel informed, because they know what needs to be done and why. Communication skills can also make people in the meeting feel good about taking on responsibility to help a project.

 

       “Communication is a big one,” Tchorzynski says. “A lot of students struggle with it because they are used to communicating electronically and they are challenged when having conversations face to face with somebody.Workers in the digital age must know how to effectively convey and receive messages in person as well as via phone, email, and social media. Good communication skill help get hired, land promotions, and be a success throughout your career. Most of us know how to communicate, but not everyone is good at communication. However, you can grow your communication skills over time.

 

Here are the 10 ways to help you get a good communication:

  1. Listening: being a good listener, that’s is the way show your respect to the speaker and through active listening, you can comprehend what they want to say and make a right respond to them.
  2. Non-verbal communication: using your body language, eye contact, hand gestures, tones of voice all together make your speech become more interesting and easily comprehend.
  3. Clarity and concision: good verbal communication means saying just enough – not too much or too little.
  4. Friendliness: just a smile, friendly tone, that are enough to start a day of working for someone. you should encourage your coworkers to make them get an open and honest communication with you.
  5. Confidence: Confidence shows your coworkers that you believe in what you’re saying, makes your speech more  convince and may be they will believe and follow on what you said . you also should avoid making statements sound like questions. Of course, be careful not to sound arrogant or aggressive
  6. Empathy: this will make your colleagues feel that you can understand them well.
  7. Open-mindedness: A good communicator should enter into any conversation with a flexible, open mind. Be open to listen to and understand the other person's point of view, rather than simply getting your message across. By being willing to enter into a dialogue, even with people with whom you disagree, you will be able to have more honest, productive conversations
  8. Respect: People will be more open to communicating with you if you convey respect for them and their ideas. Simple actions like using a person's name, making eye contact, and actively listening when a person speaks will make the person feel appreciated. On the phone, avoid distractions and stay focused on the conversation
  9. Feedback: Being able to appropriately give and receive feedback is an important communication skill
  10. Making the right medium: An important communication skill is to simply know what form of communication to use. For example, some serious conversations (layoffs, changes in salary, etc.) are almost always best done in person

 

  1. CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING:

Critical thinking is the ability to make an evaluation of something by assessing, analyzing, and examining the issue or topic. It requires not just accepting what is, but looking further for other possibilities.

Creative thinking, on the other hand, is a way of looking at problems or situations with a fresh perspective and suggesting new or nontraditional solutions and ideas.

Critical and creative thinking go hand in hand, and both are required for the workforce today. Young adults need to be able to make decisions and solve problems using their creative and critical thinking skills. This may be examining data and providing an informed analysis to report to their boss or coming up with a creative solution to a project hurdle

  1. PROBLEM-SOLVING:

Problem solving is about being able to find solutions when faced with difficulties or setbacks. Even if you can’t think of a solution straight away, you need to have a logical process for figuring things out. This will make your jobs more fluency, effective.

Examples of ways you can develop or improve your problem solving skills include:

  • doing research assignments as part of your studies
  • dealing with complaints at your workplace
  • doing a study skills course that looks at problem solving
  • talking to other people about how they solved the problems they faced
  1. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT SKILL:

The ability to plan and manage multiple assignments and tasks, set priorities and adapt to changing conditions and work assignments.

           Regardless of your position or field, you will be expected to respond to and manage several requests from your customers, clients or coworkers. It’s important to practice good time management skills while in college so that you do not struggle with multiple assignments throughout your career. When you’re interviewing for potential positions, showing that you know how to manage your time wisely — between work, school and other obligations—will let your employer know that you take your responsibilities seriously and that you can be trusted to deliver on your promises.

            Examples of ways you can develop or improve your planning and organising skills include:

  • developing a study timetable and sticking to it
  • organising some independent travel
  • managing your time around work, study and family commitments
  • helping to organise a community event
  • doing chores regularly around your home.
  1. TEAMWORK:

The process of working collaboratively with a group of people in order to achieve a goal.
Teamwork is often a crucial part of a business, as it is often necessary for colleagues to work well together, trying their best in any circumstance. Teamwork means that people will try to cooperate, using their individual skills and providing constructive feedback, despite any personal conflict between individuals. (according to businessdictionary.com)

 

TEAM means: Together Everybody Achieve More.

There are 4 crucial roles of teamwork:

  1. Increased efficiency:

If you have a team carrying out your project, you can always rest easy that there would be someone else to pick up the slack if any individual falls sick or is absent. Well-defined roles ensures that the work is completed on time and by the person who is the most suitable to do it. From a management perspective, encouraging teamwork in the workplace will allow your company or department to take on additional work, and in turn generate extra revenue without having to hire more staff.

  1. A learning experience:

Teamwork is important in the workplace as it brings people together from different backgrounds and levels of experience. It is quite possible that you can learn from someone else’s knowledge which allows your own skills and capabilities to grow. If you were working alone, it is quite possible that you would have not thought about the different possible ways through which you could solve the problem.

  1. Better interpersonal skills:

 Communication is key to the success of many projects, Teamwork activities such as meeting together to discuss ideas or collaborating information to contribute to a project require both verbal and written communication skills. Working regularly in this capacity will allow you develop both your own skills as well as those who are in your team. You share your views and opinions openly without fear of ridicule and criticism. A person who is always used to working alone may find it difficult to open up or deal with social situations.

Frequent team activities and exercises on the other hand, will make you more sociable and out-going.

  1. Motivation:

The motivation factor is going to be high especially when the team members understand each other, have a sense of healthy competition, are willing to help the others along and are big-hearted enough to take pride in each other’s successes.

 Regular team-bonding exercises and outings will also lead to strong friendships and loyalty. A strong sense of loyalty towards the team works as an additional motivational factor for the team members

  1. COMPUTING SKILLS:

In today’s technologically oriented economy, it’s no surprise that employees with strong computer skills fare better in the job market than their tech challenged counterparts. This trend influences hiring for virtually all jobs, not just technology-centered positions. Prospective employers may want applicants who can use specific programs. There are some basic skills that you need for your certain jobs:Microsoft Office, Spreadsheets, PowerPoint, Microsoft Access, QuickBooks, Email, Web and, Social Skills, Graphic and Writing Skills, Job Specific Skills.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, in the new era (industry 4.0) with the development of technology, human are still resources that can not be replaced. But the important thing that you have to do is keep learning  and improve yourself everyday with many necessary skills, and soft skills, computing skills are one of them. Try to learning every day and be best of yourself.

 

 

 

REFERENCES:

  1. https://www.humanresourcesonline.net/what-you-need-to-lead-in-the-industry-4-0/.
  2. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/brics-article/skill-development-for-industry-4-0/brics_show/54460851.cms.
  3. https://www.parenttoolkit.com/college-and-career/advice/career-basics/6-skills-needed-for-all-jobs-regardless-of-field.
  4. https://www.thebalancecareers.com/communication-skills-list-2063779..
  5. oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com.
  6. https://www.youthcentral.vic.gov.au/jobs-and-careers/plan-your-career/8-job-skills-you-should-have.
  7. http://www.opportunityjobnetwork.com/job-resources/help/top-10-skills.html.
  8. http://www.pickyourgoals.com/productivity/teamwork/

9) https://www.aib.edu.au/blog/teamwork/teamwork-is-important-in-the-workplace/.

  1. https://www.careertoolbelt.com/computer-skills-that-will-help-you-get-hired/.

 

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