Bui Tuan An
Vietnam National University - Vietnam


With the opening of many opportunities to access knowledge, the education 4.0 (education in the fourth industrial revolution) age also challenges the initiative and competition of each person. The fourth industrial revolution is powered by artificial intelligence and it will transform the workplace from tasks based characteristics to the human-centered characteristics. Because of the convergence of man and machine, it will reduce the subject distance between humanities and social science as well as science and technology. This will necessarily require much more interdisciplinary teaching, research, and innovation.

Given the fourth industrial revolution, a new form of a university is emerging that does teaching, research, and service in a different manner.

Among the many discussions, innovations and general shifts in the world of learning – from school children to business executive – there are some trends that stand out:

1.    Diverse time and place.

2.    Personalized learning.

3.    Free choice.

4.    Project-based.

5.    Field experience.

6.    Data Interpretation.

7.    Exams will change completely.

8.    Student ownership.

9.    Mentoring will become more important.

This paper explores the impact of Education 4.0 on the mission of a university which is teaching, research (including innovation) and service.

Industry 4.0 fosters what has been called a "smart factory". Within modular structured smart factories, cyber-physical systems monitor physical processes, create a virtual copy of the physical world and make decentralized decisions. Over the Internet of Things, cyber-physical systems communicate and cooperate with each other and with humans in real-time both internally and across organizational services offered and used by participants of the value chain [1]

Professor Gottfried Vossen from the University of Munster (Germany) talks about the 4.0 university model with three issues: Teaching 4.0 - Research 4.0 - Management 4.0 is applied at many universities such as Coventry University ( British University Complutense de Madrid (Spain), Yeungnam University (Korea), Malaysia Technology University, Lorraine University (France) ... [2]

According to Gottfried Vossen, education 4.0 includes a variety of new learning styles such as: learning through games, interacting with others, providing crowds, learning through projects ... Time and place of study Students are not bound and can change as appropriate to the situation, the actual conditions. [2]



Fundamental Functions of a Higher Education Institution [3]

Among the many discussions, innovations and general shifts in the world of learning – from school children to business executive – there are some trends that stand out:

Diverse time and place.

Students will have more opportunities to learn at different times in different places. eLearning tools facilitate opportunities for remote, self-paced learning. Classrooms will be flipped, which means the theoretical part is learned outside the classroom, whereas the practical part shall be taught face to face, interactively.

Personalized learning.

Students will learn with study tools that adapt to the capabilities of a student. This means above average students shall be challenged with harder tasks and questions when a certain level is achieved. Students who experience difficulties with a subject will get the opportunity to practice more until they reach the required level. Students will be positively reinforced during their individual learning processes. This can result in positive learning experiences and will diminish the number of students losing confidence in their academic abilities. Furthermore, teachers will be able to see clearly which students need help in which areas.

Free choice.

Though every subject that is taught aims for the same destination, the road leading towards that destination can vary per student. Similarly to the personalized learning experience, students will be able to modify their learning process with tools they feel are necessary for them. Students will learn with different devices, different programs, and techniques based on their own preference. Blended learning, flipped classrooms and BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) form important terminology within this change.


As careers are adapting to the future freelance economy, students of today will adapt to project-based learning and working. This means they have to learn how to apply their skills in shorter terms to a variety of situations. Students should already get acquainted with project-based learning in high school. This is when organizational, collaborative, and time management skills can be taught as basics that every student can use in their further academic careers.

Teaching in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Teaching 4.0) [4]


Wearables Assisted Teaching, Learning, and Training

Education establishments have to act now to realize wearables’ huge potential to revolutionize the way we teach and train students and how they learn as well. Take numerical simulation, it is a very useful tool for engineers to analyze and predict the condition of real-world physical systems. In the era of the 4th industrial revolution, when the existence of cyber-physical systems become a new norm, numerical simulations play an ever-increasing important role in both education and practical applications. Within the realm of numerical simulation, finite element analysis (FEA) is a versatile technique which has been practiced in various engineering fields such as analyzing buildings (Marwala et al., 2017; Marwala, 2012; Marwala, 2010).

Embrace massive open online courses (MOOCs)

Teaching has long been constrained by the following scenario: students needed to gather in a lecture hall to hear the professor or sit around a table to discuss with peer fellows. Technology innovation is relaxing those constraints, however, and brining radical change to higher education. Massive open online courses, or MOOCs, is a form of education that provides stand-alone instruction online (Xing, 2015).

The use of MOOCs allows students to study anywhere and at any time. Reduce the cost of moving and construction work to accommodate enough students

Synchronize data to the cloud storage

Along with the MOOC model, device support, data synchronization contributes equally to learning and teaching.

The unifying of all the college-delivered materials from the tin is different, giving students and teachers access to personal or organizational data anytime, anywhere.

Nowadays, there are a lot of software companies that support online teaching and learning, cloud storage tools like Onedrive, Google Drive, OneNote software.on PC

Research in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Research 4.0) [4]

New technological advancements are often ranked as the most important driving force for R&D. Technology-driven R&D comes in many forms and it can mean employing mobile capabilities to improve data acquisition accuracy; using advanced big-data analytics to spot hidden statistical patterns; harnessing artificial intelligence techniques to retool information search, collection, organization, and knowledge discovery, to name just a few. The bottom line, in all cases, is that the advanced technologies can be leveraged across many domains to continue to deliver impact. Briefly, advanced technologies can bring benefits to higher education R&D in at least four areas: cost and timeline reduction; operation transformation; R&D process enhancement; and, most significant, research direction innovation via the creation of new ideas and theories. Take the example of additive manufacturing (or 3D printing), this new technology can be used to reduce the cost of producing prototypes, which are generally time-consuming and cost inefficient in conventional higher education R&D.


Students need to adapt

Currently in Vietnam, one of the learning modes of education 4.0 that many students know and participate in is online learning. At Hocmai Education System, by 2018, more than 3 million members will participate in online learning from primary to high school; Each year over 11,000 online lectures are published. At the university level, FUNiX - founded in 2015, is the first online university in the country with more than 1,000 students enrolled. [2]

With this form of study, students can actively select the lectures available online according to their needs. In addition, you can select the appropriate teacher, interact with teachers and students to learn at all times, everywhere through the Internet platform and technology equipment.

Education 4.0 will be marked by a major shift in training objectives, from the transfer of knowledge to the masses through the exploitation of resources (empowerment, capacity, and motivation) and empowering innovation for each individual. Whilst the individualization of training is increasingly advanced, the mission of training transcends national boundaries to serve humanity. [5]


In the education 4.0, students have more opportunities to access knowledge, by using a variety of tools from industry 4.0, beyond space and time. That creates value for the creative economy. And it could be making those so industry 5.0 or more. However, this is also a challenge for the initiative, competition, efforts to not be left behind each person.





[4] Xing, Bo, and Tshilidzi Marwala. "Implications of the Fourth Industrial Age on Higher Education." arXiv preprint arXiv:1703.09643 (2017).







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