Kieu Minh Trang
University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ho Chi Minh City National University - Viet Nam

In the industrial revolution 4.0, young people are facing many challenges. And the biggest challenge is to create a competitive advantage for them when they face the global labor force, the equipment and the machines that are outperforming. Therefore, young people need to know how to be different - they can not be replaced. And what could make them different? The answer is critical thinking and creative thinking.
Key word: creative thinking, critical thinking, the industrial revolution 4.0, young people



Critical thinking and creative thinking - the key to positioning young people in the industrial revolution 4.0

Kieu Minh Trang

The University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University of Ho Chi Minh City – (HCM USSH) VIET NAM



In the industrial revolution 4.0, young people are facing many challenges. And the biggest challenge is to create a competitive advantage for them when they face the global labor force, the equipment and the machines that are outperforming. Therefore, young people need to know how to be different - they can not be replaced. And what could make them different? The answer is critical thinking and creative thinking.

Key word: creative thinking, critical thinking, the industrial revolution 4.0, young people


Every revolution is characterized by a change in the nature of production and the change is made by the breakthroughs of science and technology.

Industrial Revolution 4.0 with the prospect of all computerized and interconnected production lines through internet-of-thing technology. The world and especially Vietnam are in the early stages of this revolution.

The evolution of industrial revolution 4.0 will change the way we live and work. Some jobs will likely be replaced by machines, so the workforce as well as future students will need to learn and equip themselves with the right skills to keep pace with this progress.

The necessary skills for career developments

1- Understand the model of working capacity in accordance with international standards

Competency models are the factors used to evaluate the performance of employees, which determines their progression.

Young people understand this framework so that they can make a plan to practice science and avoid wasting time, effort and money.

Today, Competence is more important than Ability. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has divided its "capacity to work" into three groups: cognitive competencies, attitudinal competencies and professional competencies.

More specifically, at present, capacity has two common definitions: the British school definition (ASK) and the American school definition.

  • Ability of the English: Capacity is limited by three factors: Knowledge, Skill, Attitude. This is also known as the ASK model.
  • Capacity in the American way: Capacity is any element of individual psychology that can help quickly accomplish a task or action effectively.

The most commonly used capacity model today is the ASK model.

ASK (Attitude - Skill - Knowledge) is the most widely used occupational standards model in the world. From the ground-breaking ideas of Benjamin Bloom (1956), ASK has now been standardized into a full-featured HR model, consisting of three main groups:

  • Knowledge: Belonging to the capacity of thinking, is the knowledge that an individual acquires after experiencing the process of education - training, reading, analysis and application.

For example: professional knowledge, foreign language skills, ...

  • Skill: It is the ability to turn knowledge into concrete action, actual behavior in the work process of the individual.

For example: influence skills, risk management skills, etc.

  • Attitude (emotional/emotional) is an individual's way of receiving and responding to reality, and expressing attitudes and motives to work.

For example: honesty, entrepreneurial spirit - commitment, ...


Each of these groups is a group of requirements that the business poses for individuals to successfully complete a particular job placement. Typically, businesses will have a set of competence dictionaries built in the ASK model with a list of common competence standards that are consistent with the culture and development requirements. Then, with each specific job placement, the enterprise selects the most relevant knowledge-skills-attitudes to build a specific capacity framework.

For example, a simple ASK model for a copywriter is:

- Knowledge - Language level

- Knowledge - Foreign language (English)

- Skill - Strategic thinking skills

- Skill - Teamwork skills

- Attitude - Creativity and innovation


2- Make a difference

After young people understand the ASK model, the next issue is: How should they stand out in a talented human forest? The answer is that we must make a difference.

2.1 Critical Thinking

a. What is critical thinking?

2000 years ago, Socrates approached and recognized the existence of critical thinking. But when John Dewey, who was American philosopher, psychologist and educator, made a profound definition of it, it was widely known.

According to the most general concept, the most widely acknowledged, critical thinking is a category of open, unrestricted, open-ended thinking. This includes the construction of the right conditions, ideas and ideas to reach the conclusion of the problem.

In a simpler way, critical thinking is a thought process that questions the assumptions or assumptions. You know how to think in front of something.

When looking at a problem, we judge whether it is wrong or true. The origins of the concept of critical thinking can be found in Western thought in the Socratic way of thinking of the ancient Greeks, and in the East, in the Vedas of the Buddha.

b. Role

The 21st century is thought to be the skill-based era in which thinking plays a particularly important role. Critical thinking is a skill that distinguishes the leader and follower. Leaders are more likely to identify, analyze, argue and look beyond the followers. Your brain is constantly moving, thinking, anticipating to find solutions to every problem in life.

Critical thinking will help you evaluate, study the problem, clarify and confirm the accuracy of the problem to make appropriate decisions for yourself, avoid being led, invade the mind. Machines can not have the brain as a human, so in some cases it is impossible to make the right decision. There are still many other important skills you need to cultivate in order to keep pace with innovation. We all need to change to adapt to the market, otherwise it will become obsolete.

c. Practise:

  • Actively cultivate knowledge for yourself: Not to hear criticism is that everyone is thinking about how to eat well, to be able to argue with others easily. However, the problem here is that they have to broaden their knowledge in general, mastering a wide range of information in the fields they are working in. Make a habit of observing and learning so much knowledge that when you argue, you always know the correct information to convince others.
  • Have an objective vision: To have good critical thinking requires that we have an objective view of a certain problem. Especially not thinking or solving emotional problems or ego too much to see a problem. Let go of subjective vision, instead of objective thinking things. In this way, they can reasonably and precisely solve problems.
  • Ask yourself questions to perfect creation: When solving a problem, the need for more self-posed questions to it more than perfect. This helps to make things better, preventing bad situations from happening. This is the way to make your things more perfect and avoid mistakes.
  • Mapping ideas: When identifying a problem, first we know exactly what the problem is. About who? About what? Related to what field? Then, based on scientific and logical grounds, ask questions to clarify the problem. Why A is not B, A is true or B is true, if A is the result, B is the result, what is the correct and correct. It draws the conclusion and the cause of the problem.

2.2 Creative Thinking

a. What is creative thinking?

When review the unique creation on the same as a power of a person, J.Danton quan niệm: “Create unique creation, which is found for the new found, found the new relationship, is a function of the idea, the imagic tưởng tượng and the rating… ”.

Hiểu một cách đơn giản hơn, unique creation to create the specified that the following unique, useful useful and the poll explorer and build more. That is look to look the problem found and from the new point, to come with the solutions and the fantasy that you could not be viewed before that.

b. Role

Creative thinking is one of the most important skills. With the rapid growth of new technology products and new ways of working, young people must be more creative in order to catch up and be able to control this change. Robots can replace us in some jobs, helping us to work faster but not as creative as humans.

Creative thinking helps us in every aspect of life. If a society that produces only individuals can follow and copy the processes and procedures laid down then it never really progresses.

Similarly, if you just follow what others ask without asking questions or are incapable of exploring and choosing, then young people will find it difficult to progress. The ability to think creatively will help young people thrive in the future, as well as help them to better manage themselves and their relationships with others.


In today's highly competitive world, creative thinking helps young people step on one level, as well as help them to better manage themselves and their relationships with others. If they learn more about creative thinking, they are better.

c. The connection between critical thinking and creative thinking

According to Helen Marjan (Research Director at Lorna Whiston), critical thinking and creative thinking are intertwined. The implementation of critical thinking promotes creative thinking.

Critical thinking

Creative thinking


has the ability to create / make something


the difference


thinking oriented

probability of probability

cling to the possibilities

based on judgment

based on rejected judgment





provide answers

provide an answer

left brain

right brain

speaking skill




based on reasoning

based on abundance, novelty



d. Practise:

  • Eliminate common knowledge: When we are young, we learn a lot about life in general. Of course, that knowledge has helped us in our daily lives. However, there are times when it is not only useless but it also limits our thinking when solving some problems. In fact, many problems are so simple that children do that adults feel extremely difficult.
  • Get rid of past experiences: The magician wants to take something from his pocket, often going back to the usual way he thinks. Usually, one thinks that, wanting to get something from his pocket, he must reach into his pocket. That is also our psychological weakness. Human minds are often bound by "knowledge of common knowledge" or "experience of the past." To avoid hardening of the brain, one should practice the habit of considering a thing or problem from many aspects. Diligent brainstorming, make sure you have solutions to problems or unexpected findings.
  • Placing the problem: First, you list all the details matter a statement. Then in turn think each issue. In doing so, we avoid the one-sided look or omission of important details. However, it should not be too dependent on the method because too much dependence on it will limit the creativity.
  • Double-Matching Method: The training objective of this method is the same as the problem-solving method, which leads us to overcome common associations.

For example: A new stereo product is needed. First of all, the idea of a completely unrelated product to it - the airplane. Then consider the characteristics, uses, equipment of the aircraft.

Based on those factors, we turn to these elements in turn with stereo products. This method not only helps us to invent new products but also to train creativity in our daily life.

  • Morphological analysis: Experienced creators are often very interested in brain games such as: puzzles, inferences, magic, funny stories, jokes. .... In that puzzle is an indispensable form to train our minds. It includes training materials for intuition, observability, analytical ability, reasoning, persistence, creativity.


Critical thinking and creative thinking are the difference, the absolute superiority of human beings compared to other organisms, compared to machines. This is especially important when we are entering the 4.0 industrial revolution

The critical thinking process involves gathering and interpreting the information with caution and using it to arrive at a justifiable conclusion. This is an important skill because it allows us to analyze, evaluate, rebuild our thoughts, reduce the risk of manipulation, acting, thinking with false belief.

Creative thinking is the key to the ever-evolving world. And only creative thinking can help people discover and invent great works that play an important role in transforming society, helping society take long strides in history. Creative thinking helps us to affirm our ability and position in society.

In life as well as work, if you do not have critical thinking skills and creativity, you will forever be without new steps, breakthroughs or interesting engagements. Therefore, always practice your ability to think critically, creatively to best serve your life, your work and the whole society.


- Human Resource Management - John M. Ivancevich

- The Big Book Of Brain Games – Ivan Moscovich

- Emotional Intelligence - Daniel Goleman

- Brain Training Method - Omizumi Kagayaki

- Rychen, D.S. & Salgnik, L.H (2001),  Definition and Selection of Key Competencies, OECD – Key DeSeCo Publication.

OECD, Key Competencies - A developing concept in general compulsory education,

- Nguyễn Hữu Lam (2007), Mô hình NL trong giáo dục đào tạo và phát triển nguồn nhân lực,

- Definition and Selection of Key Competencies, OECD - Key DeSeCo Publication, pp.5

- Nusche, D. (2008), Assessement of learning outcome in higher education : A comparative review of selected practices, OECD Education Working Papers, No.15, OECD Puplishing.

- UNESCO (2007), Quality Assurance and Accreditation : A Glossary of Basic Terms and Definition,

- UNESCO (2007), Quality Assurance and Accreditation : A Glossary of Basic Terms and Definition,  “Competence”, pp.45-46.

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