Nowadays, we are entering industrial 4.0 age, while artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, automation are flourishing and still in the ascendant. The pace of change are incredibly increasing, according to PwC, traditional jobs as manufacturing, transport and public administration might fall by the percentage of 18%~25%. This fact indicates that our existed education system needs serious reforms, in order to keeping up with the rapidly changing world. Meanwhile, with the developement and widely use of the Internet, the indivisuation of the process of creation and innovation is growing and receiveing more and more attention. In this research, we discuss the core competencies that each individual should develope and the necessary adjustment which sholud be made in education system to help the build-up of these abilities rather than traditional subjects at school.
Personalization in Education System
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University
Nowadays, we are entering industrial 4.0 age, while artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, automation are flourishing and still in the ascendant. The pace of change are incredibly increasing, according to PwC, traditional jobs as manufacturing, transport and public administration might fall by the percentage of 18%~25% . This fact indicates that our existed education system needs serious reforms, in order to keeping up with the rapidly changing world. Meanwhile, with the development and widely use of the Internet, the individuation of the process of creation and innovation is growing and receiving more and more attention. In this research, we discuss the core competencies that each individual should develop and the necessary adjustment which should be made in education system to help the build-up of these abilities rather than traditional subjects at school.
Keywords: Education reform, Industry 4.0, Individuation, personalized education
In recent years, the world we live has changed considerably, a myriad of epoch-making technologies have been gradually affecting our daily life. The pace of change is so fast and the great influence worldwide is unprecedented in human history. We are in a new era, which are called industry 4.0 by the World Economic Forum. Automation, Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence provide new technological solution and improve living experience that no one could ignore.
As described in , The First Industrial Revolution used water and steam power to mechanize production. The Second used electric power to create mass production. The Third used electronics and information technology to automate production. Now a Fourth Industrial Revolution is building on the Third. It is characterized by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.
Figure 1: Brief description of Four industrial revolution
The huge progress in technology and its impact on personal daily life is ubiquitous, for example, at work or at home, the Internet of Things (IoT) will completely change the way in which most of us carry out our basic daily tasks, eliminating the drudgery of shopping, banking and even cooking. “Intelligent” devices in our kitchens, bathrooms, bedrooms, living rooms and offices will respond to every request and anticipate most of our needs.
The need of reform in modern education system seems to be necessary, since the existed mandatory subjects at school is no longer suited for everyone, traditional teaching method might even caused the waste of time and manpower resources. Of most importance, the difference in students should be noticed, a new “customized” study model should be applied to all students in order to exploit talents in each student. In next section, we discuss the trend in educational reform in the world.
2. Revolution in Education: What is Going on in the World
2.1 Problems in Modern education Training
At school, every students are demanded to learn rigidly formulated subjects. This is an result from the first industrial revolution, when schools are viewed as a factory for massive production of prospective workers, thus “make students uniform” became the first objective at school. This objective also leads to the hierarchy of subjects, which is still the main framework for todays eastern education.
However, as mentioned in , traditional teaching framework at school is no longer in the line of “custom scale production”. With the trend of The Fourth Industrial Revolution, a reform in education system is required urgently in the world where knowledge is no longer limited to thick books and classrooms.
2.2 Personalized Educational System and Individualization
In the past, due to the number and workload of teachers, personalized education is too hard to achieve, and as a result, a same teaching plan is more effective for teacher despite the lack of personalized features.
Efforts have been made to help personalized education for each student in recent decades. Instead of providing the same information to the whole class, Adaptive Learning aims to provide the right content most suitable to every single student.
In this modern time, people's learning habits are turning to the network. Mobile phones, as a kind of knowledge reader, have been accepted by most people, which can meet peoples' individual needs and there is the big network data behind the mobile phones. Usually, students cannot afford their spirit listening to teachers in classroom. In the modern time, compared to the traditional learning methods, personalized methods are more and more popular with students and teachers.
Personalized education system is also conformed with the individualization trends in creation and innovation. Benefiting from the fast development of internet, the phenomenon of individualization suggests that the talent of an individual could have much more influence than before through the connection of virtual social network. While Personalized education helps students to exploit their own talents, it is also critical for them to find personal values and develop one’s potential, somehow boost the process of individualization in creation. In this way, personal ability and talent will have more chance to be seen, and will not be stifled in the cradle by the hand of traditional education system.
2.3 New Trends in Edtech
Personalized education is now the trend in education reform, and the breakthrough in Artificial Intelligence comes in handy at the practical stage. 
Artificial Intelligence is nowadays good at data mining with the help of Machine Learning, a technology giving the machine the ability to learn, by handling big data analysis. With this powerful tool, once we could gather personal information or data relevant to personal studying status, for example, attention span, teachers are able to understand learning situation of every students. At the same time, this evaluation process is more objective. Data provide fair and real point of view to analyze the aptitude of students, which is conducive to the educator to make “customized learning policy” for each one.
Personalized education has always been the ultimate objective for educators, and with the precipice in industrial 4.0, it could be realized through new technologies and tools such as Machine Learning and Cloud System. The education system is facing a significant change that traditional knowledge teaching framework might be eliminated and the change put a great impact on the learning phase at school for every single person.
Some people will view these changes with apprehension. In my opinion, great changes comes with great opportunities. Personalized education, though still having some potential problems to be solved, might be the new key to several existing global issues.
- Klaus Schwab. The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means, how to respond?World Economic Forum
- Hew Gill. Is Education Keeping up with Industry 4.0?
Leaderonomics.com, 26 August, 2017
- Lixun Xu, Jing Wu. The Trend Analysis of the Integration of Disciplines of Chinese Higher Education under the Background of “Industry 4.0” [A] Proceedings of 2015 5th International Conference on Education and Sports Education, C. 2015.
- Jennifer S. Groff, Personalized Learning: The State of the Field & Future Directions. CCR, Center for Curriculum Redesign.
- Edtech trends in Industrial 4.0, FPT TechInsight