Education of Folk Farmer and the Role of the Government in Encouraging Sovereign Farms

Arif Sulthoni Akhmad
Universitas Gadjah Mada - Indonesia

Animal husbandry is an effort to develop livestock to be taken as a result that spreads throughout the territory of Indonesia, ranging from small farms to large farms. Livestock business in Indonesia has not been able to meet sovereign farms. The aim of the education of folk farmers and the role of the government in encouraging sovereign livestock is to improve the quality of human resources, produce scientific works in the field of animal husbandry, the development of science, technology and arts and application with concepts, strategies, and solutions to local resource problems oriented towards Sustainable Development Goals. The method is carried out by means of training, carrying out coaching to the community farmers, and conducting demonstrations of the results of training and coaching. The government has an important role by supporting all forms of activities to encourage sovereign farming. A clear example of farmers education and knowledge that is still lacking is the knowledge of farmers who still use corn as a single feed and let their livestock find their own food. Almost all farmers feel free-range chickens need to be given supplements, but few have ever given supplements to their livestock. Most farmers agree that agricultural and fisheries waste is processed into native chicken feed, but most farmers have never processed the waste into animal feed. Farmers' knowledge in Sukosari village is still considered low enough in the field of feed management and processing technology. Further counseling and assistance is needed to increase the knowledge and understanding of farmers about the management of chicken feed and its processing.

Keywords: Sovereign Farms, Education, Government, Farmer.

Animal husbandry is one of the business activities that spread throughout the territory of Indonesia, from small-scale farms to large farms. As one of the main sources of animal potential, livestock commodities are needed in meeting the meat needs of the Indonesian people. This causes the need for animal protein to continue to increase in line with population growth and the standard of living of the community that has increased.

Efforts to increase livestock populations based on smallholder livestock businesses are being developed at this time. These businesses require appropriate and site-specific technology in accordance with the conditions of agro-ecosystems and user needs, which in turn will increase farmers income and welfare. The existence and role of education is one of the main factors that should be properly prepared and oriented towards the people and breeders in the next generation, because one of Indonesia's obstacles to food sovereignty is the lack of quality human resources. Another thing that can be done is to optimize all local resources, natural resources, technological resources, and financial resources and business institutions of the folk farmers.

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