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The Justice League (also known as the Justice League of America or the JLA) is a team comprised of the premier heroes of the DC Universe.

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Current Roster

SupermanBatmanHippolytaAquamanGreen ArrowBlack CanaryHawkwomanNaomiBlack Adam.

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Origin

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The Founding Members

The origin of the JLA was revealed in Justice League of America Vol 1 #9 when seven heroes first came together to repel the Appelliax alien invasion. When the world’s greatest heroes were unable to defeat this alien threat individually, the Martian Manhunter, the Flash (Barry Allen), Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Superman and the Batman cooperated together as a team to defeat the Appelliax invaders. These heroes continued to work together as the Justice League of America, after realizing they worked well together and getting backing and support from the American goverment. Later on after Crisis on Infinite Earths, Black Canary was retconned as a founding member in Wonder Woman’s place. The new 52 version of the team has a new canonical origin, which is virtually the same except that it was Darkseid that was invading the Earth and that Cyborg has replaced the Martian Manhunter as a founding member.

Creation

After the successful revival of superheroes in the Silver Age, DC Comics tasked Gardner Fox and Mike Sekowsky with the job of reviving the Golden Age’s Justice Society of America. Fox was inspired by the word in various sports franchises at the time and decided to create a new name as well as a new team by replacing for . Fox and Sekowsky created the Justice League of America in 1960 and crafted the story and pencils for the team’s first appearance in the Brave and the Bold #28. Murphy Anderson was also the inker for this issue.

Although Superman and Batman made appearances as members of the JLA in this debut, they were not involved in the main storyline or battle with Starro the Conqueror. The other five members of the League battled Starro seeking to free the citizens of Happy Harbor, Rhode Island from his mental influence. Lucas “Snapper” Carr who was immune to Starro’s powers became an honorary member of the JLA.

Fox, Sekowsky and Anderson created two more stories starring the JLA in the Brave and the Bold #29 and #30 and then became the creative team for the early years of the JLA’s on-going title.

Team Evolution

Silver Age (1960s) & Bronze Age (1970s-1980s)

During the last decade of the Silver Age, DC Comics established that the JLA came from Earth-1. The JLA maintained their first headquarters in a cave called the Secret Sanctuary in Happy Harbor, Rhode Island. The JLA had an annual tradition of team-ups with their Golden Age counterparts, the Justice Society of America from Earth-2, that started in Justice League of America Vol 1 #21. During one of these team-ups, the JLA and the JSA encountered a villainous version of themselves called the Crime Syndicate of America from Earth-3. The JLA added other members to the original line-up to include Green Arrow, the Atom (Ray Palmer), Hawkman and Black Canary.

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An expanded Justice League

The membership of the JLA remained consistent from the Silver Age to the Bronze Age. The sole exception to this was with Wonder Woman, who left the League during her depowered phase in the late 1960s. She would rejoin a short time later however after regaining her powers. The JLA moved their headquarters to the Justice League Satellite when Snapper Carr unknowingly compromised the location of the Secret Sanctuary. The JLA Satellite had a geosynchronous orbit 22,300 miles above the Earth. The regular team-ups between the JLA and the JSA featured the return of other Golden Age heroes such as the 7 Soldiers of Victory and the Freedom Fighters. The JLA and the JSA had a time-travelling adventure with the Legion of Super-Heroes caused by Mordru.

During the 1970s, Elongated Man, Red Tornado, Hawkgirl and Zatanna officially joined the JLA. The Phantom Stranger officially joined the JLA during this time as well though his active status was hardly noticeable as the Stranger mostly appeared at events of a cosmic nature. In 1980, Firestorm was the final recruit to join this roster of the JLA. In 1983, the Batman resigned from the JLA due to the team’s refusal to embark on a rescue mission into Markovia. The Batman then formed his own team called the Outsiders.

The roster of the JLA maintained this membership through the early 80s until the events of a Martian invasion in Justice League of America Vol 1 #228-230. In the aftermath of repelling the invasion, the JLA Satellite became severely crippled and current members demoralized and despondent about the team’s future status. Aquaman decided to take a stand that the JLA needed full-time members who did not leave to fulfill obligations in their civilian identities. The result was the departure of several members and the end of this roster.

Justice League Detroit

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Justice League Detroit

The members that remained were Aquaman, Martian Manhunter, Elongated Man and Zatanna. In Justice League of America Annual Vol 1 #2, Aquaman reorganized the League. They enlisted new young members Steel, Vibe, Gypsy and Vixen. The team was based in a warehouse in Detroit, called the Bunker and provided for by Steel’s grandfather (and namesake), Hank Heywood. The introduction of these younger members elicited some controversy among fans of the team. The reasoning behind the change was that at the time that youth based teams were more popular than ones featuring established characters. The industry leader for this trend was the X-Men at Marvel Comics, but DC Comics had its own version in the Teen Titans. An editorial decision was made that the League should incorporate more youthful elements into the roster, as well that having less very powerful characters made the potential threats to this new League much more menacing (as for instance this version of the team had some difficulty in dealing with Despero.)

Aquaman eventually left the group to return to his duties in Atlantis leaving the Martian Manhunter to replace him as leader. After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, the team was evicted from the Bunker after a disagreement between Steel and his grandfather, the owner of the property. The JLA moved to their original HQ, the Secret Sanctuary. After having left the Outsiders, the Batman became temporary chairman of the JLA for a brief period. After the end of Batman’s duration with the team, the role of chairman went to the Martian Manhunter again. Some time later, Zatanna left the JLA after merging with the Godhead.

The rest of the JLA remained active until the Legends story arc. In a plot to dominate Earth, Darkseid sent the Glorious Godfrey to Earth in the guise of G. Gordon Godfrey to destroy the popularity of super-heroes. Darkseid had DeSaad create Brimstone to manipulate various heroes into a conflict on Earth that seemed to be caused by these heroes. After the JLA were defeated by Brimstone, Elongated Man resigned from the JLA as a result of these events.

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The End

Then, the Martian Manhunter disbanded the team in response to a Presidential order that outlawed super-heroes. During this event, an old enemy of the JLA, Professor Ivo, attacked each member with android duplicates of himself. Vibe was killed by an android when he believed he had beaten it. Steel was comatose and placed on life support after destroying an android. Gypsy escaped from an android and returned to her family. The Martian Manhunter and Vixen destroyed the rest of the androids and brought Professor Ivo into custody. Vixen decided to resign from the JLA with the Martian Manhunter as the only member. He stated that, “The League must continue.”

Modern Age

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Justice League

Following the Legends miniseries, it was decided that there should be a Justice League, however not one aligned with America, per-se. Businessman Maxwell Lord decided to invite a group of heroes to join a “New” Justice League. Membership consisted of Batman, Martian Manhunter, Black Canary, Mr. Miracle, Oberon, Doctor Fate, Captain Marvel, Doctor Light, Blue Beetle (Ted Kord), and Green Lantern (Guy Gardner). This League took an often comedic tone, usually contrasted with bursts of intense action and drama.

This proved to be a very volatile group, with a lot of interpersonal problems. The team spent as much time bickering as they did fighting super villains. Dr. Light quit almost immediately, although she served as a reserve member and eventually joined full time.

As it had before, the League expanded again. Booster Gold was the first new addition, then it was decided to grant the League an international charter. Captain Atom, Rocket Red, Elongated Man, Fire, Ice were all new members of Justice League International.

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The JLI eventually split into several teams,most notably were the Justice League America based in New York, and Justice League Europe in Paris. The European branch added Flash (Wally West), Animal Man, Metamorpho, Power Girl, as well as the return of Wonder Woman and the Elongated Man. The teams continued to evolve, and added many more members such as L-Ron, Crimson Fox, Bloodwynd, Maxima, Nuklon, Obsidian, Tasmanian Devil, Triumph, and Maya. Amazing-Man, Blue Devil and the Yazz were also new members of the American branch of the Justice League at different times.

Justice League Fractured

After the the death of Ice during Judgment Day, the Justice Leagues were further fractured, and their UN Charter removed. Wonder Woman lead the main Justice League America, using the Overmaster’s orbiting escape pod as a base. Captain Atom led a rogue group called Extreme Justice and Martian Manhunter led a training team of younger heroes called Justice League Task Force.

Eventually, all the teams were disbanded and replaced by the “Magnificent Seven.”

JLA

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Welcome Back, JLA

In the aftermath of the White Martian invasion, Superman, Batman and Wonder Woman decided that the world needs a powerful and well organized Justice League, and they reform the team with Aquaman, Martian Manhunter, Green Lantern ( Kyle Rayner) and Flash ( Wally West).

They were based in the new Justice League Watchtower on Earth’s moon. Like earlier incarnations of the League, their roster was not static and at times included: Steel, Plastic Man, Manitou Raven, Huntress, Faith, Major Disaster and Zauriel.

During this lengthy period of team history, the JLA did battle against such foes as the Injustice Gang, Mageddon, and Prometheus among others. They time traveled to save Aquaman in the Obsidian Age story and battled vampires during the Tenth Circle story arc.

The Justice League Disbanded

The events of Identity Crisis highlighted inherent ethical conflicts in the League’s early line up. When Dr. Light assaulted Sue Dinby on the JLA Satellite and threatened to attack other significant others, Zatanna erased his memories and tampered with his mind, magically lobotomizing him. He was not the only one whose memories were tampered with. Batman caught them wiping Dr Light’s mind, knowing he wouldn’t approve, they also wiped his mind. This revelation, involving current League members and their long time comrades forced the League to split when it would be needed most.

Aquaman and John Stewart attempted to keep the League going but failed due to the numerous problems and issues that were being created by the fast approaching Infinite Crisis.

Following the events of Final Crisis, in Cry for Justice a new proactive Justice League, similar to Captain Atom’s Extreme Justice, was founded by Hal Jordan and Oliver Queen. This proved short lived, although some of the membership carried over into a proper Justice League, largely composed of second generation heroes, including Dick Grayson, at the time the current Batman, Jade, Supergirl, Donna Troy, and Mon-El. This League continued until Flashpoint altered the timeline.

The New 52 Justice League

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The New 52 Justice League

Five years into the past of The DCnU superheroes are just emerging and the people of the world wonder whether to trust them. Flashing forward, some of those same heroes band together to face Darkseid–a warlord from the planet called Apokolips–when he arrives to conquer Earth.

The League of this New Earth drops “America” from it’s name and its members are slightly younger and less experienced than they were in previous versions. In addition, Cyborg replaced Martian Manhunter as one of the seven founders of the Justice League, with the latter being a member of Stormwatch instead.

Current Line-Up

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The new Justice League of America

There was a new Justice League of America team in a new comic. The line-up included:

This league was formed by the likes of Amanda Waller and ARGUS to create a more obedient league that would answer the calls of the government and its people to protect and serve America. But that is not the only reason for these unlikely heroes to join, as their main purpose is to combat the original league (Justice League.) The team’s origin is a simple one as they confronted personally by Steve Trevor to make an offer that they would dare not refuse, some blackmail.

The Justice League of America changed their name in 2014 to Justice League of Canada and Adam Strange joined the team as well.

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Another Justice League of America was formed by Batman and was led by him until it was also disbanded. The lineup included:

Major Story Arcs

Year One: Reboot

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Pieces

During the late 1980s, the whole DC Universe had been retconned in various storylines. The JLA’s origin was revised in the JLA: Year One limited series. Certain changes were made to explain the inconsistencies of other revised characters in the DCU. For instance, Batman, Superman and Wonder Woman were never founding members of the JLA due to changes made in their revised origins and history. Black Canary was added as a founding member as presented in JLA: Year One.